Secondary infertility (SI), or a woman’s inability to naturally conceive and/or stay pregnant, is not an uncommon phenomenon. In 2006, a U.S study found 3.3 million women had trouble conceiving a second time. Currently, 6 out of 10 infertility cases involve SI. Often, one successful pregnancy doesn’t guarantee a successful second. However, aids such as clomid monitoring UK can induce ovulation.

Couples fail to conceive for many reasons. Fortunately, there are options for families wanting to grow despite experiencing SI, and can help you decide if using donor eggs is the right step for you.

Causes of Secondary Infertility

Why does SI plague so many women in today’s society? What circumstances lead women and couples to be destined to have a “lonely only”? There are a variety of explanations, including:

  • health conditions such as endometriosis or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

  • low sperm count

  • heavy alcohol and tobacco use

  • obesity

  • change in partner

  • complications resulting from a first pregnancy

Age is the most prevalent cause of egg related infertility. Many women are choosing to conceive their first child later in life – let alone their second. Before completely giving up and losing all hope,… You should talk to your doctor about possible solutions like donor egg IVF.

The Egg Donation Process: Steps to Follow

Through in vitro fertilization (IVF)… An embryo formed from a donated egg and a father’s sperm can be implanted into the mother. This allows the couple to experience pregnancy, despite the mother’s lack of viable eggs.

Before the implantation procedure can occur… There are a few steps you need to follow to ensure egg donation is the best avenue for you and your family.

Step 1: Decide between fresh or frozen eggs.

The first step every couple takes in the egg donation process is… Deciding if they want a fresh egg donor or to purchase frozen eggs from an anonymous donor through an egg bank. If you choose to use your own donor, whether it be a stranger or a family member, keep in mind the ideal candidate must be:

  • fertile

  • under 34

  • have a good genetic history

  • have a stable personal life

With fresh donor eggs, you’ll slightly increase your odds of forming mature embryos by receiving more eggs. However, it’s often difficult to find someone who meets the prerequisites to donate. Additionally,  you’ll need to synchronise menstrual cycles with the donor before your IVF cycle can begin.

On the other hand, if you choose frozen eggs, you’ll have a plethora of donors to choose from. Most of whom will already have had their eggs proven to be successful… Either by having their own children, or by children resulting from their previous egg donations.

Step 2: Seek counseling.

It’s suggested women and couples undergo counseling before any procedures take place. Often, those looking for donors don’t understand why they need to seek a counselor. However,  it’s an important step to prepare for both the difficulties and joys you may experience during the process. Firstly, it’s a given that those considering done eggs have already faced significant emotional distress. Secondly, the remaining journey can be quite emotional.

Giving up a genetic link isn’t easy for any mother. It can lead to feelings of grief, anxiety, despair, and anger. It’s important to balance these emotions with the feelings of joy, hope, and relief you will also inevitably feel. Additionally, it’s always worth talking to a professional before undergoing such a trying experience. Secondary infertility is a very emotional and stressful experience.

Step 3: Draft legal documents.

Another important step in the fresh egg donation process is to draw up the necessary documentation and contracts. Use these to define financial responsibilities, parental rights, and future contact. It’s a good idea to involve lawyers so both parties (donors and parents) are properly represented. This step is unnecessary for frozen egg donation, because the donor has already signed a legally binding contract with the egg bank regarding parental rights and future contact.

Step 4: Begin the process.

Once you decide which type of donor egg you wish to use, you’ll be ready to start the IVF process. If using fresh eggs, the mother and donor will need to take birth control pills and synthetic hormones to sync their cycles. This ensures the mother’s uterus can support an embryo by the time the eggs are retrieved and fertilized. If you have decided to use frozen eggs, you don’t need to sync your cycles, but you’ll still need to take medication to suppress ovulation and prepare your body for implantation.

Time is one of the main differences between fresh and frozen donor egg cycles. In fresh egg donation, the donor screening can take between three weeks and two months, plus an additional three weeks for the IVF cycle to complete. Alternatively, a frozen donor egg cycle can take as few as five weeks from start to finish.

secondary infertility - child hugging bump

Step 5: Don’t give up.

Traditional IVF has a higher chance of success if the recipient is under 35. Therefore, if your first cycle using your own eggs isn’t successful… It doesn’t mean it won’t work a second or third time. But, it’s important to note the older a woman becomes, the lower her success rates will be. If you’re struggling to conceive a second time with traditional IVF… Donor egg IVF using fresh or frozen eggs may be your solution to secondary infertility.

Guest Post from Heidi H

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